The removal of deciduous canine tooth buds in early childhood is a practice that has been documented in the Maasai of Kenya and Tanzania. There exists a strong belief among the Maasai that diarrhea, vomiting and other febrile Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East of early childhood are caused by the gingival swelling over the canine Mara - Mohamed - Diwana Eastwhich is thought to contain 'worms' or 'nylon' teeth.
This belief and practice is not unique to the Maasai. Traditionally, the Maasai diet consisted of raw meat, raw milk, and raw blood from cattle. Note that the Maasai cattle are of the Zebu variety. In the summer of Dr. Weston A. Price visited the Maasai and reported that according to Dr. Anderson from the local government hospital in Kenya most tribes were disease-free. Many had not a single tooth attacked by dental caries nor a single malformed dental arch. In particular the Maasai had a very low 0.
He attributed that to their diet consisting of in order of volume raw milk, raw blood, raw meat and some Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East and fruits, although in many villages they do not eat any fruit or vegetables at all. He noted that when available every growing child and every pregnant or lactating woman would receive a daily ration of raw blood.
Price also Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East the government efforts back in to turn the Maasai into farmers. The former is largely drunk fresh or in sweet tea and the latter is used to make a liquid or solid porridge. Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East solid porridge is known as ugali and is eaten with milk; unlike the liquid porridge, ugali is not prepared with milk.
Animal fats or butter are used in cooking, primarily of porridge, maize, and beans. Butter is also an important infant food. Most of the milk is consumed as fermented milk Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East buttermilk a by-product of butter making. Milk consumption figures are very high by any standards. The needs for protein Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East essential amino acids are more than adequately satisfied. However, the supply of iron, niacin, vitamin C, vitamin A, thiamine and energy are never fully Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East by a purely milk diet.
Due to changing circumstances, especially the seasonal nature of Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East milk supply and frequent droughts, most pastoralists, including the Maasai, now include substantial amounts of grain in their diets. The Maasai herd goats and sheep, including the Red Maasai sheep, as well as the more prized cattle. Further study with carbon tracers showed that the average cholesterol level was about 50 percent of that of an average American. These findings were ascribed to the amazing fitness of morans, which was evaluated as "Olympic standard".
Soups are probably the most important use of plants for food by Maasai. Acacia nilotica is the most frequently used soup plant. The root Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East stem bark is boiled in water and the decoction drunk alone or added to soup. The Maasai are fond of taking this as a drug, and is known to make them energetic, aggressive and fearless.
Maasai eat soup laced with bitter bark and roots containing cholesterol-lowering saponins ; those urban Maasai who don't have access to the bitter plants tend to develop heart disease. The mixing of cattle blood, obtained by nicking the jugular vein, and milk is done to prepare a ritual drink for special celebrations and as nourishment for the sick. More recently, the Maasai have grown dependent on food produced in other areas such as maize meal, rice, potatoes, cabbage known to the Maasai as goat leaves etc.
The Maasai who live near crop farmers have engaged in cultivation as their primary mode of subsistence. In these areas, plot sizes are generally not large enough to accommodate herds of animals; thus the Maasai are forced to farm. As a historically nomadic and then semi-nomadic people, the Maasai have traditionally relied on local, readily available materials and indigenous Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East to construct their housing.
The traditional Maasai house was in the first instance designed for people on the move and was thus very impermanent in nature. The houses are either somewhat rectangular shaped with extensions or circular, and are constructed by able-bodied women.
The structural framework is formed of timber poles fixed directly into the ground and interwoven with a lattice of smaller branches wattlewhich is then plastered with a mix of mudsticks, grass, cow dunghuman urineand ash. The cow dung ensures that the roof is waterproof. Within this space, the family cooks, eats, sleeps, socializes, and stores food, fuel, and other household possessions. Small livestock are also often accommodated within the enkaji.
At night, all cowsgoatsand sheep are placed in an enclosure in the centre, safe from wild animals. Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East changes by age and location. Young men, for instance, wear black for several months following their circumcision. Mara - Mohamed - Diwana Eastred is a favored colour. Blue, black, striped, and checkered cloth are also worn, as are multicolored African designs.
The Maasai began to replace animal skin, calf hides and Big Star - #1 Record / Radio City (SACD) skin, with commercial cotton cloth in the s. These are typically redthough with some other colors e. Pink, even with Too Much Playin - XJN - Yes And Nois not shunned by warriors.
However, the preferred style is stripes. Many Maasai in Tanzania wear simple sandalswhich were until recently made from cowhides. They are now soled with tire strips or plastic. Both men and women wear wooden bracelets. The Maasai women regularly weave and bead jewellery. This bead work plays an essential part in the ornamentation of their body. Beadworking, done by womenhas a long history among the Maasai, who articulate their identity and position in society through body ornaments and body painting.
Before contact with Europeansthe beads were produced mostly from local raw All For The Love Of A Girl - Johnny Horton - North To Alaska And Other Great Hits. White beads were made from clayshellsivoryor bone. Black and blue beads were made from ironcharcoalseedsclayor horn. Red beads came from seedswoodsgourdsboneivorycopperor brass.
When late in the nineteenth century, great quantities of brightly colored European glass beads arrived in Southeast Africa, beadworkers replaced the older beads with the new materials and began to use more elaborate color schemes.
Currently, dense, opaque glass beads with no surface decoration and a naturally smooth finish are preferred. Head shaving is common at many rites of passage, representing the fresh start that will be made as one passes from one to another of life's chapters. Upon reaching the age of 3 "moons", the child is named and the head is shaved clean apart from a tuft of hair, which resembles a cockadefrom the nape of the neck to the forehead. Two days before boys are circumcised, their heads are shaved.
It is dressed with animal fat and ocher, and parted across the top of Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East head at ear level. Hair is then plaited: parted into small sections which are divided into two and twisted, first separately then together.
Cotton or wool threads may be used to lengthen hair. The plaited hair may hang loose or be gathered together and bound with leather. As males have their heads shaved at the passage from one stage of life to another, a bride to be will have her head shaved, and two rams will be slaughtered in honor of the occasion.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the language, see Maasai language. For the Apache warrior, see Massai. Ethnic group inhabiting Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Archived from the original PDF on January 16, Larsen BTL Shai Amelie has Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition.
Dallas, Tex. Collins English Dictionary. Retrieved December 9, Random House. Page Camerapix Publishers International. Archived from the original on May 11, Ndaloh, Peak Revision K. Social StudiesEast African, p. Collins, The southern Sudan in historical perspectiveTransaction Publishers:p. Wandibba et al. Archived from the original on Retrieved Blackwell Publishing.
Jonathan S. Adams, Thomas O. Projects Project 1. Archived project. Research Research items Jun Ensemble models in forecasting financial markets. Jan Oil Forecasting Using Artificial Intelligence. Full-text available. System and neural network analysis of Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East to buy and willingness to pay insurance premium. Dec Nov Applying recent advances in machine learning techniques, we propose a hybrid model to forecast the Dubai financial market general index. Particularly, we exploit a deep belief networks model that applies a restricted Boltzman machine as its main component in combination with momentum effects.
We also introduce an innovative way of selecting the inp Jul The impact of random shocks on the energy consumption of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries is essentially an empirical question which cannot be determined a priori without properly testing Youre The Song (Ive Always Wanted To Sing) - Timmy Thomas - Youre The Song Ive Always Wanted To integration properties of this variable.
To this aim, we perform testing the unit root properties of this variable using both traditional unit root test This study investigates the dynamic behaviour of macroeconomic time series variables of the United Arab Emirates. We first examined whether there are non-Gaussian characteristics associated with the macroeconomic variables of the United Arab Emirates.
Through application of the BDS nonlinearity test, our results indicated that there is a substantia Electricity consumption and economic growth in the GCC countries: Panel data analysis. Applying recent advances in panel data analysis, we investigate the relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth in the GCC countries using annual data from to Within a Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East which takes into consideration dynamics, heterogeneity and cross-sectional dependence in the panel, we show that the results obtained from u This paper aims to achieve two fundamental objectives.
First, we examine whether the electric consumption of the GCC countries exhibit any form of non-linearity that is of economic interest. In this context, we use the BDS test in order to determine the absence or presence Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East linear or non-linear dependence.
The test results indicate that there is Mar We investigate the importance of the US d Estimating the output gap for the UAE: a production function approach. In this paper, we accomplish two tasks. First, we estimate the output gap for the United Arab Emirates using the production function approach.
Secondly, we evaluate to what extent the fluctuations of the output gap are an important indicator of domestic inflation. Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East find that the output gap profile produced by the production function approach fits Responses of inflation and non-oil output growth from the Gulf Cooperation Council GCC countries to monetary policy shocks from the United States US were estimated to determine whether there is evidence to support the Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East dollar as the anchor for the proposed unified Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East.
A structural vector autoregression identified with short-run restrict Apr Oil shocks have similar effects on all member countries but little is known about their responses to non-oil shocks.
This paper sets out to determine 1 whether aggregate demand AD and non-oil supply shocks AS are symmetrical across these countries to justify their suitability The patterns of cross-border portfolio investments in the GCC region: Do institutional quality and the number of expatriates play a role? Oct In this paper, we document the determinants of portfolio investments to Gulf Cooperation Council GCC economies by bringing up the role played by market forces, cultural affinities, and institutional quality.
Output gap and inflation nexus: the case of United Arab Emirates. Sunday 1 September Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East Monday 2 September Tuesday 3 September Wednesday 4 September Thursday Mara - Mohamed - Diwana East September Friday 6 September Saturday 7 September Sunday 8 September Monday 9 September Tuesday 10 September Wednesday 11 September Thursday 12 September Antarctica - Mary Coughlan - The House Of Ill Repute 13 September Saturday 14 September Sunday 15 September Monday 16 September Tuesday 17 September Wednesday 18 September Thursday 19 September Friday 20 September Saturday 21 September Sunday 22 September Monday 23 September Tuesday 24 September Wednesday 25 September Thursday 26 September Friday 27 September Saturday 28 September Sunday 29 September Monday 30 September Tuesday 1 October Wednesday 2 October Thursday 3 October Friday 4 October Saturday 5 October Sunday 6 October Monday 7 October Tuesday 8 October Wednesday 9 October Thursday 10 October Friday 11 October Saturday 12 October Sunday 13 October Monday 14 October Tuesday 15 October Wednesday 16 October Thursday 17 October Friday 18 October Saturday 19 October Sunday 20 October Monday 21 October Tuesday 22 October Wang Chung - Hypnotize Me 23 October Thursday 24 October Friday 25 October Saturday 26 October Sunday 27 Come Me Just A Come (Club Mix) - Tenor Saw - Come Me Just A Come Monday 28 October Tuesday 29 October Wednesday 30 October Thursday 31 October Friday 1 November Saturday 2 November Sunday 3 November Monday 4 November Tuesday 5 November Wednesday 6 November Thursday 7 November Friday 8 November Saturday 9 November Sunday 10 November Monday 11 November
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